In 2012, scientists at the University of Paris-Sud, a prestigious research institution, published their findings on an experiment designed to discover the toxicity of C60, a recently discovered class of molecules known as Buckminsterfullenes.
In the experiment, Wister laboratory rats were given a high concentration of C60 once a day. The scientists expected when the rats consumed sufficient quantities of C60, they would die. Instead, the rats lived 90 % longer, see the Baati Rat Study, The prolongation of the lifespan of rats by repeated oral administration of  fullerene:
“… The results of the Baati study (2012), which evaluated C60 fullerene toxicity spurred interest in the scientific community as well as the public; in particular, in anti-aging and alternative medicine circles. The Baati study (2012) not only demonstrated an absence of toxicity of C60 in laboratory rats but also showed the potential of C60 in free radical antioxidant protection.”
~ Gulyar and Tamarova, Influence of Many-Month Exposure to Light with Shifted Wave Range and Partial Fullerence Hyperpolarization on the State of Elderly Mice, 2018
However, not all C60 formulations are equally effective in preventing free radical damage in the body. The Baati researchers noted C60 is active only in soluble form and C60’s solubility in vegetable oils is not high.
C60’S LOW SOLUBILITY IN OIL IMPACTS ITS EFFECTIVENESS AS AN ANTIOXIDANT
C60’s low solubility in oil creates insoluble clusters of C60 that are biologically inactive compared to a fully dissolved state …larger aggregate size was found to be associated with lower antibacterial [antioxidant] activity …under equal conditions, preparation of solutions at concentrations of 100 and 1000 times less than the [high] saturation concentrations significantly increases the share of all (up to 5 nm) [smaller] clusters in comparison with the saturated fullerene solution, i.e. smaller is better, the more effective is C60 – Biological Effects of C60 Fullerene Revealed with Bacterial Biosensor—Toxic or Rather Antioxidant? (2019)
The Baati researchers observed … there was no correlation between the degree of protection and the number of C60 clusters observed in the livers, suggesting that C60 is active only in a soluble form that is when its double bounds are accessible… It is to be stressed that dissolved C60 appears hundred times more active than when it is in suspension. In fact, the action of soluble C60 is immediate while that of suspended C60 is delayed because it has to be dissolved to act.
The Baati researchers used an extremely high concentration of C60 (80mg in 100ml oil) to give the rats as much C60 as possible to cause their death; not to increase antioxidant effectiveness, i.e. higher concentration of C60 = more large clusters = lower antioxidant activity.
Tests with zebra fish indicate large clusters of C60 are excreted unused by the body within 72 hours due to their size. Only the smaller particles of C60 remain as they are small enough to pass through cell walls where they neutralize free-radicals, the cause of oxidative stress linked to inflammation, disease and aging.
In 1995, in The role of free radicals in disease¸ the report noted:
“Evidence is accumulating that most of the degenerative diseases that afflict humanity [hardening of the arteries, cancer, diabetes, senile dementia, asthma, joint inflammation, etc.] have their origin in deleterious free radical reactions. The process of biological aging might also have a free radical basis…The human species is not genetically adapted to survive past middle age, and it appears that antioxidant supplementation of our diet is needed to ensure a more healthy elderly population.”
In 2021, the antioxidant supplementation of our diet needed to ensure a more healthy elderly population is now available. It’s 100 % solubilized, dissolved C60. In 2019, the FullerLifeC60 team’s unexpected discovery that C60’s low solubility in oil lowered C60’s antioxidant effectiveness led to a new and far more effective form of C60, see How Pain and the Law of Attraction Led to FullerLifeC60.
On November 24, 2020, Len Heflich, a member of the FullerLifeC60 team, was granted a patent for “Dissolved C60 and Method of Producing Dissolved C60, an oil-free form of C60, by the US Patent Office.
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Sharing, life, light, health and wellness…
The FullerLifeC60energy team
Darryl Robert Schoon